English Toy Spaniel

English Toy Spaniel is bright and interested, affectionate, and friendly. And he also has the heart of a lion if he believes a person is in danger.

Daily Care

Grooming Tips

The English Toy Spaniel has a long, silky coat that is usually straight but can be slightly wavy. Despite his long coat, this is a wash-and-go dog. Comb him out weekly to prevent mats and tangles, especially those that form behind the ears, elbows, and back legs.
A bath every two to four weeks will keep him smelling good, and it doesn’t hurt to wash his face daily — mainly to prevent him from doing it himself by rubbing it on your furniture.
Otherwise, simply clean the ears, trim the toenails, and brush the teeth frequently. The latter is especially important with toy breeds, which are often prone to dental disease. Charlies often have fused toes, which are a normal characteristic of the breed and not something to be concerned about.

Exercise Tips

English Toy Spaniels are moderately active—when outdoors exercising they are alert, playful, and energetic, while at home they are sedated and dignified.
They are easygoing dogs who make excellent companions for city dwellers in small apartments who can provide the dogs with daily walks on lead. As a short-faced breed, the ETS is not tolerant of hot weather and should not be left outdoors on warm or humid days.

Feeding Tips

English Toy Spaniels loves eating and would be happy to nosh all day. This isn’t healthy for them as they will become overweight.
It is essential that the English Toy Spaniel be fed a high quality, dry food designed for less active, small dogs. Dry kibble will help prevent tooth decay and other oral health problems.

Health Tips

The English Toy Spaniel is a moderately healthy breed with an average lifespan of 10 to 12 years. Breed health concerns may include cataracts, glaucoma, distichia, retinal dysplasia, hyaloid artery remnant disorder, hydrocephalus, open fontanelles, umbilical hernias, ear infections, mitral valve disease, congestive heart failure, patellar luxation, patent ductus arteriosus, vertebral disc disease and “hanging tongue.” Charlies tend to have fused toes, which is not a cause for concern in this breed.


English Toy Spaniels are pretty bright dogs. They have a strong desire to please their owners however; they have a short attention span. To keep this breed interested during training sessions, delectable treats are necessary.
They can be stubborn during training; patience, consistency, and a positive, gentle approach are keys to success. Harsh methods are never appropriate for this sensitive, trusting breed.
Earlysocializationandpuppy training classesare recommended and help to ensure that the Charlie grows into a well-adjusted, well-mannered companion.


In the late 1600s, the King Charles Spaniels were interbred withPugs, which resulted in a smaller dog with flatter noses, upturned faces, rounded heads and protruding eyes.
The consequence of this breeding is what we know today as King Charles Spaniel (English Toy Spaniel). It was developed in the British Isles and was a favorite of British Royalty. The breed was recognized by the AKC in 1886.