10 Best Hairless Dog Breeds

One of the most notable traits about dogs is their fur or hair. Whether they have curly, straight, dense, or thin fur, it helps them stand out. But there also are several hairless dog breeds that stand out in their own way. These relatively rare dog breeds carry genes that cause them to be completely hairless or have very little hair on their bodies. Some of these breeds are closely related, while others have a more distinct origin. They vary in appearance and personality, but most hairless dog breeds tend to be fairly cuddly and like curling up with their humans for warmth.

Here are 10 of the best hairless dog breeds.

1. American Hairless Terrier

The American hairless terrier descended from the rat terrier. Starting in the 1970s, rat terriers were selectively bred for their hairless coats. And, while some American hairless terriers are still born with a light coat, they mostly feature the hairless trait. These dogs tend to be quite smart, active, and playful. They make good family dogs and have a high prey drive for small rodents.

2. Chinese Crested

Chinese crested dogs come in two varieties: hairless and powderpuff. The hairless variety actually has fluffy tufts of hair on the head, ears, paws, and tail. The amount of hair can vary among dogs. And the powderpuff variety has a long, soft double coat over its whole body. Both the hairless and powderpuff varieties can come from the same litter. These dogs tend to be very loving and cuddly, though they have an energetic and playful side as well.

3. Xoloitzcuintli

The Xoloitzcuintli, also known as the Mexican hairless dog, comes in both hairless and short-coated varieties. Both varieties are exceptionally low-maintenance when it comes to grooming, though skin protection is a must. Xolos are an ancient Aztec breed dating back thousands of years. The dogs tend to be loyal and alert, making excellent watch dogs. While they can be protective when necessary, Xolos also are known for their calm nature.

4. Peruvian Inca Orchid

Also known as the Peruvian hairless, the Peruvian Inca Orchid originated in ancient Peru, where it was mostly kept as a companion dog. These dogs tend to be very affectionate with and protective of their families, and they can develop separation anxiety when left alone. They also are athletic little dogs that need quite a bit of exercise to wear them out. Most Peruvian Inca Orchids are completely hairless, though some can have short patches of fur on their head, paws, and tip of the tail.

5. Argentine Pila Dog

A close relative to the Peruvian Inca Orchid, the Argentine pila dog is a hairless breed prized for its soft skin. This rare breed comes in three size categories and is primarily found in its native Argentina. Argentine pila dogs tend to be affectionate, playful, and adaptable to new environments. While they are mostly hairless, some pila dogs do have small tufts of fur on the top of their heads and on their tails.

6. Abyssinian Sand Terrier

If you’re looking for a canine exercise buddy with a quiet and calm temperament, the Abyssinian sand terrier is the dog for you. This extremely rare breed also goes by the name African hairless dog. It’s a fairly small- to medium-sized dog with a long, sleek body. Some dogs within the breed are completely hairless, while others have small tufts of hair on the top of the head and tip of the tail.

7. Hairless Khala

Hairless Khalas, also known as Bolivian hairless dogs, are a rare hairless dog breed originating in Bolivia. They look quite similar to the Xoloitzcuintli and likely share ancestors. These dogs love their owners and will fearlessly protect them, so training is a must to keep them friendly with those outside of your household. Like other hairless breeds, some of these dogs do have small tufts of hair, especially on their heads.

8. Jonangi

Jonangi dogs are native to India, where they were bred as herding and hunting dogs. The breed is quite rare today. Jonangis tend to be wary around strangers, but they are exceptionally friendly toward those they know, including kids and other pets in the home. Moreover, Jonangis have a similar disposition and muscularity to bull terriers, and they have a distinctive yodel instead of a bark. Many of these dogs are not hairless but instead have a very short, smooth coat that’s nearly invisible.

9. Ecuadorian Hairless Dog

The Ecuadorian hairless dog is an ancient dog breed from Ecuador and a likely relative of the Peruvian Inca Orchid. It is incredibly rare today. These dogs sport very little hair, which is usually on the top of their heads. They tend to be fairly energetic little dogs and have a strong prey drive, especially to hunt small rodents. But they also love to curl up next to their favorite people.

10. Hairless Chihuahua

Hairless chihuahuas are the same breed as coated chihuahuas — they just have a rare genetic defect that causes them to be hairless. Thus, their temperament is just like any other chihuahua. They generally have big personalities, bond very closely with their favorite humans, and are protective of their territory. But the hairless variety is prone to skin issues, so care and monitoring are essential. Hairless chihuahuas also can get chilled quite easily.

Published On: May 27th, 2023Categories: Dog News